Southborough Church of England Primary School

Southborough Church of England Primary School


At Southborough Church of England Primary School we aim to develop children’s curiosity in both their immediate surroundings and in places and environments in the wider world.


Our Geography teaching inspires pupils to become global citizens by exploring their own place in the world, their values and their responsibilities to other people, the environment and to the sustainability of the planet.


Our Geography curriculum builds on children’s previous learning and own experiences and inspires them to ask and explore important questions about their world, as they learn the fundamental skills to help understand the link between human and physical processes.

Term 6



In the On the Beach project, your child will visit a beach and learn about animals that live in rock pools and on the seashore. They will explore days out at the beach and compare their experiences with beach holidays in the past. They will learn about the animals that live in the sea and find out about worldwide seas and oceans. They will explore the importance of looking after the environment to keep living things safe. They will learn about staying safe at the beach and find out about people who help us.

Supporting your child at home:

  • Go for a day out at the beach, and investigate a rock pool.
  • Look at pictures of family days out at the beach and talk about the activities you enjoy.
  • Use Google Earth to look at images of seas and oceans around the world.
  • Share and discuss the Did you know? resource.


Key knowledge:

People culture and communities; The natural word


Year 1 – School Days

This half term, Year 1’s topic is predominantly History, however they will be doing some fieldwork, where they will use their observational skills to study the geography of their school and its grounds and the key human and physical features of its surrounding environment. se aerial photographs and plan perspectives to recognise landmarks and basic human and physical features; devise a simple map; and use and construct basic symbols in a key. Please see the History page for more information.


Key knowledge:

Fieldwork; Human and physical features; Maps; Local environment; Changes over time


Year 2 – Magnificent Monarchs

The main topic for the children in Year 2 this term is Magnificent Monarchs. As part of this, the children will be developing some geographical skills like identifying significant places, like royal residences.


Key knowledge:

Develop contextual knowledge of the location of globally significant places – both terrestrial and marine – including their defining physical and human characteristics and how these provide a geographical context for understanding the actions of processes.


Year 3 – One Planet, Our World


In the One Planet, Our World project, the children in year 3 will use maps to locate countries and read four-figure grid references. They will sort and classify human and physical features, and begin to use the eight points of a compass to locate geographical features on a map. They will name and describe the five major climate zones on Earth and begin to use longitude and latitude to locate places on a world map. The children will locate and name countries and capital cities in Europe before studying significant human and physical features in the United Kingdom. They will learn about significant UK counties and cities and carry out fieldwork to study the effect of weather on the local environment. The children will learn the five main types of land use and carry out an enquiry to discover more about local land use.


Key knowledge:

Maps; Locating countries; Human and physical features; Four-figure grid references; Primary data; Compass points; Latitude and longitude; European countries and cities; UK counties and cities; Carbon footprints; Weather and the local environment; Land use; Fieldwork; Local enquiry


Year 4 – Misty Mountain, Winding River

In the Misty Mountain, Winding River project, the children will learn about the characteristics and physical processes of rivers, including how they shape the landscape over time, their significance around the world and the impact of flooding. They will learn how to use the eight points of a compass, four and six-figure grid references, symbols and a key to locate and plot geographical places and features on a map, as well as how contour lines are used to show the topography of an area. They will have the opportunity to learn about the stages of the water cycle and about mountains and their different formations, studying mountain ranges in the United Kingdom and around the world. They will also learn about habitats and how human and natural influences can have an impact on the environment.


Key knowledge:

Rivers; Maps; Grid references; Contour lines; Physical processes – erosion, transportation and deposition; World rivers; Aerial images; Mountains; UK mountains; World mountains; Compass points; Water cycle; Soil; Altitudinal zones; Data analysis


Year 5 – Groundbreaking Greeks


In the Groundbreaking Greeks project, the children will learn about different periods of Greek history, exploring the earliest civilisations, the devastation of the Dark Age and the breakthroughs and developments of the Archaic and Classical periods.

They will understand how the geography of Greece affected the development of city states and explore Athens, learning about the structure of the government and society.


Key knowledge:

Interpreting geographical sources


Year 6 – Maafa


In the Maafa project, the children in year 6 will learn about Africa today and the ancient kingdoms that thrived on the continent for thousands of years. They will learn about the origins of the transatlantic slave trade in the 15th century and Britain’s involvement from the time of Elizabeth I, when John Hawkins became the first British slave trader. The children will understand the structure of the transatlantic slave trade and the consequences of enslavement for enslaved people. They will also discover how the people of Britain benefited from the money and goods produced by the slave trade. They will learn about the causes and consequences of the abolition of slavery in the 19th century, the worldwide African diaspora and the European colonisation in Africa. They will explore the lives and actions of black people in 20th century Britain.


Key knowledge:

Africa – countries, land use, natural resources, location, settlements, population, climate and physical features