Southborough Church of England Primary School

Southborough Church of England Primary School


Our Vision


At Southborough Church of England Primary School we aim to develop children’s curiosity in both their immediate surroundings and in places and environments in the wider world.


Our Geography teaching inspires pupils to become global citizens by exploring their own place in the world, their values and their responsibilities to other people, the environment and to the sustainability of the planet.


Our Geography curriculum builds on children’s previous learning and own experiences and inspires them to ask and explore important questions about their world, as they learn the fundamental skills to help understand the link between human and physical processes.

Geography Curriculum Documents

Year 4 Trip to Horton Kirby

Year 4 spent the day at Horton Kirby for a River Study Day. What a fantastic time the children had! Most of the morning was spent in the river where they were testing the flow of the river at different points. To do this, the children were in groups of four and they used rubber ducks to time how quickly they got from the releaser to the receiver. The children tested three rubber ducks at all three stages of the river to find out at which part of the river it flowed the fastest. They also made observations about where they could see evidence of erosion, transportation and deposition along different parts of the river. After lunch, the children did three different activities. One of which was using mud, Lego and water to create a river and dam to try and protect houses and see the impacts floods can have on the local area. In one of the classrooms, the children learnt all about the River Darent – including wehre the source and mouth of the river are. They also found out how long the river is and what towns and villages it flows through. Finally, the children looked at different rocks through a microscope and tried to identify them and their properties. Once they had identified the rocks, they poured water onto them all to see whether they were permeable or impermeable.

This Term in Geography



Children will learn about the seasonal changes that happen in autumn. They will learn about birds and animals that live in the woods and how they survive as the weather gets colder. They will take part in practical and creative activities that will support them to learn about autumn.


Year 1 

This project teaches children about physical and human features, maps, cardinal compass points, and positional and directional language. They learn about the equator, hemispheres and continents and are introduced to the countries, capital cities and settlements of the United Kingdom.


Year 2 

This project teaches children about atlases, maps and cardinal compass points. They learn about the characteristics of the four countries of the United Kingdom and find out why there are hot, temperate and cold places around the world. They also compare England to Somalia.


Year 3 

Children learn to locate countries and cities, and use grid references, compass points and latitude and longitude. They learn about the layers of the Earth and plate tectonics and discover the five major climate zones. They learn about significant places in the United Kingdom.


Year 4 

This essential skills and knowledge project teaches children about compass points and four and six-figure grid references. They learn about the tropics and the countries, climates and culture of North and South America. Children identify physical features in the United Kingdom and learn about the National Rail and canal networks.


Year 5 

Children learn about locating map features using a range of methods. They learn about the Prime Meridian, Greenwich Mean Time (GMT), and worldwide time zones and study interconnected climate zones, vegetation belts and biomes. Children learn about human geography and capital cities worldwide before looking at the UK motorway network and settlements.


Year 6 

Children learn more about map scales, grid references, contour lines & map symbols. They learn about climate change and the importance of global trade. They study patterns of human settlements and enquire & describe local settlement patterns.