Southborough Church of England Primary School

Southborough Church of England Primary School

History and Geography

History and Geography

Aims and Objectives

At Southborough C of E Primary School we aim to broaden children’s knowledge of the world around them by building an understanding of how people, places and time have shaped the environment that surrounds them today. From this they can become positive influencers in progressing their environment and developing their own future. We aim all children to approach the curriculum with an enquiry and skills based manner. Each new topic is launched with an open, analytical question to entice. The question therefore gives context to all geographical and historical learning that follows and allows the children to apply their learned knowledge and skills when developing a range of possible answers through the term.


The national curriculum for History aims to ensure that all pupils:  

  • know and understand the history of these islands as a coherent, chronological narrative, from the earliest times to the present day: how people’s lives have shaped this nation and how Britain has influenced and been influenced by the wider world
  • know and understand significant aspects of the history of the wider world: the nature of ancient civilisations; the expansion and dissolution of empires; characteristic features of past non-European societies; achievements and follies of mankind
  • gain and deploy a historically grounded understanding of abstract terms such as ‘empire’, ‘civilisation’, ‘parliament’ and ‘peasantry’
  • understand historical concepts such as continuity and change, cause and consequence, similarity, difference and significance, and use them to make connections, draw contrasts, analyse trends, frame historically-valid questions and create their own structured accounts, including written narratives and analyses
  • understand the methods of historical enquiry, including how evidence is used rigorously to make historical claims, and discern how and why contrasting arguments and interpretations of the past have been constructed
  • gain historical perspective by placing their growing knowledge into different contexts, understanding the connections between local, regional, national and international history; between cultural, economic, military, political, religious and social history; and between short- and long-term timescales.


The national curriculum for Geography aims to ensure that all pupils:  

  • develop contextual knowledge of the location of globally significant places – both terrestrial and marine – including their defining physical and human characteristics and how these provide a geographical context for understanding the actions of processes
  • understand the processes that give rise to key physical and human geographical features of the world, how these are interdependent and how they bring about spatial variation and change over time
  • are competent in the geographical skills needed to:
    • collect, analyse and communicate with a range of data gathered through experiences of fieldwork that deepen their understanding of geographical processes
    • interpret a range of sources of geographical information, including maps, diagrams, globes, aerial photographs and Geographical Information Systems (GIS)  
    • communicate geographical information in a variety of ways, including through maps, numerical and quantitative skills and writing at length.

Teaching and Learning

At Southborough the school follows the National Curriculum Programme of Study document for History and Geography, which lays down a variety of approaches applicable to each unit of study. In this way all skills are covered and developed according to the requirements and it is left to the teacher to identify his/her area of focus and to consider how best to deliver these sessions; taking into account all types of learning models. Both History and Geography are delivered in a variety of ways to engage the children in their topic. Each term, a year group will focus on either History or Geography but in some cases both can be taught in one term. To further engage the children we use an overarching question for the term's topic to help build up knowledge for the children to answer at the end of the term.

Assessment and Recording

As Geography and History is within the field of the Humanities, discrete sessions are recorded in the students’ Blue books. However, the cross-curricular nature of the subject allows for historical and geographical content to be delivered through other subjects (e.g. English, Maths, Science etc.).

Teachers assess children’s historical and geographical knowledge, understanding and skills through observations of the children during lessons. Children are given both verbal and written feedback, where appropriate, to extend their learning and challenge the children.


In-line with Southborough’s SEN Policy and ethos, Geography and History lessons and activities are designed and planned to include all children through a range of approaches: inclusive questioning, universal use of equipment, together with mixed-ability groupings to enable peer support is utilised and challenged throughout the teaching and learning of Geography and History. Furthermore, lessons are planned to facilitate the identification of children at all attainment ranges within each class.

Spiritual, Moral, Social and Cultural Development, British and Christian Values

The learning climate and culture at Southborough offers a multitude of opportunities to cover and embrace British and Christian Values. For example, the Values of ‘Mutual Respect’ and ‘Perseverance' are concepts that can be addressed directly through both Geography and History as children listen and discuss their ideas with their peers whilst working throughout their lessons. 

Geographical and Historical Trips